Facial Trauma Reconstruction
Inadequate bone structure in the upper and/or lower jaws can result from injury or trauma, tumor surgery or long-term denture wear. Using bone grafts from either the patient's own bone or bone substitutes can improve the quantity and quality of the hard tissue. Skin grafts and soft tissue corrections can improve the architecture of the soft tissues in the oral and maxillofacial region. Through oral reconstructive surgery, a solid foundation can be provided for dental rehabilitation, which in turn aids nutrition and speech.
Infection, malocclusion, TMJ, tumors or nerve pathology may cause oro-facial pain. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are trained to diagnose the full spectrum of conditions that may cause pain in the mouth or face and to provide the appropriate medical or surgical treatment.
Extensive maxillofacial fractures are often accompanied by other medical problems. The oral and maxillofacial surgeon coordinates treatment with other medical specialties to return the patient to their normal activities as soon as possible.
Pain and swelling in the face, neck or jaws may indicate an infection, which can sometimes develop into a life-threatening emergency if not treated promptly and effectively. An oral surgeon can assist in diagnosing and treating this problem. Surgical treatment, if needed, may include draining the infected area and eliminating the source of the infection.
Lesion Removal and Biopsy
Oral surgeons are trained to identify abnormal growths or tissue through a clinical examination of the mouth and the evaluation of X-rays. Since the mouth is a most accessible area, the surgeon can either remove a representative sample (biopsy) for laboratory examination, or remove the entire pathology.